Suicide DataPublished 02/07/2014
More than 800,000 people worldwide die by suicide each year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
More than 42,000 people die by suicide each year in the U.S. — one death approximately every 13 minutes. It is the 10th leading cause of death in the U.S. (Source: American Foundation for Suicide Prevention). In 2015, 9.8 million U.S. adults aged 18 or older thought seriously about trying to kill themselves, including 2.7 million who made suicide plans and 1.4 million who made non-fatal attempts (Source: SAMSHA).
In Washington state, 1,111 residents died by suicide in 2014. That's nearly 15.9 deaths per 100,000 people, significantly higher than the national average of 12.93 per 100,000.
Middle-aged men, Native Americans and Alaska Natives, trans* and veterans of the U.S. armed forces are the highest at-risk groups. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Washington’s young people ages 10 to 24.
Below are key statistics and demographic data about suicide rates In Washington
Suicide Trends in Washington State
Washington State has higher rates of suicide than the national average. The rate has been increasing since 2006.
Leading Causes of Suicide in Washington State
Following the national trend, over half of all deaths by suicide were with firearms. Suffocation was the second most common cause.
|Cause of Death||% of Deaths|
|Other (drowning, fire, unspecified)||2|
Suicide and Veterans
Twenty three percent of all deaths by suicide in Washington between the years of 2010-2012 were by members of the U.S. Armed Forces however, veterans only make up 8.5% of the general population.
|U.S. Armed Forces Participation|
|Age Group (years)||
|# of suicides||% of suicides||# of suicides||% of suicides|
Suicide Age and Gender, 2010-2012
Elderly males have the highest suicide rate in Washington; generally the older the male, the higher the rate of suicide. Men ages 45–64 had the highest number of suicides. Female suicide rates are highest in the 45-54 age groups.
Suicide Race and Ethnicity 2010-2012
In Washington State, American Indian and Alaskan Natives have the highest rates of suicide, while whites make up the largest number of deaths.
Rates of Suicide By County
Asotin, Chelan, Clallam, Okanogan, Pacific, Pierce, Skamania and Stevens had the highest suicide rates. These rates were significantly higher than the state rate. King County had the lowest suicide rates during 2008-2012, which was significantly lower than the state rate.
- Statistics from the Washington State Injury and Violence Prevention Guide, January 2013. Profiles Washington State Data
- Suicide chapter from the Washington State Injury and Violence Prevention Guide
- Interactive Washington State Map with detailed ratios of Suicide Rates to Licensed Mental Health Providers per County
- American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: National (CDC) Facts & Figures
- Centers for Disease Control (CDC): National Suicide Statistics at a Glance
- Washington State Suicide Prevention Plan (January 2016)